How Do Electric Scooters Work?

Relatively speaking, electric scooters are easy to ride and maintain. They are a modern mode of transport using some of the most intuitive technology, designed for ease of travel so that you can have more fun while riding.

Yet it is these cutting edge features that can be difficult to get your head around. This guide briefly explains how electric scooters work.   

1. How do e-scooter controls work?

Although all electric scooters vary when it comes to controls, they are all operated by a battery, motor and throttle. When a rider uses the throttle, which is most often situated on the right handlebar, it sends a signal to the main controller instructing the battery to release energy to the motor (or motors) built into the hub of the wheels. Like when operating an ordinary kick scooter, a rider also needs to use their foot to push off the ground while using the throttle in order to engage the motor. The motor uses this energy to move the wheels and the e-scooter moves forwards.

The battery and motor are the most important elements of your electric scooter. Battery voltage, charge and energy storage capacity determines the overall performance of the e-scooter as well as the max distance it can cover, whilst the motor determines the overall speed, torque, range and the e-scooters ability to climb hills. The performance of both components is then controlled by the rider using the throttle.

Most e-scooters also have a controller component that allows a rider to issue commands on-screen such as turning the e-scooter on and off or connecting devices using Bluetooth. The Ninebot Segway Max G30LP Electric Scooter has 3 speed modes, a powerful 350W motor and a max speed of 30km/h. Just like kick scooters, electric scooters are then manoeuvred using the handlebars and stopped using a brake mechanism.

2. How do electric scooter brakes work?

There are three different types of braking mechanisms used on electric scooters. The most basic of the three is a simple foot brake on the rear wheel which creates friction when used. Then there is a mechanical brake: a disc or hydraulic brake usually controlled by a lever. Finally, the most advanced e-scooter brake is an electric brake that stops the motor from creating movement, often controlled by buttons or a lever.

Some electric scooter wheels have one brake whereas others have brakes on both wheels, and a combination of both disc and electric braking power provides optimum performance. The Xiaomi 1S Electric Scooter has an electronic front brake and rear disc brake.

3. How do e-scooter wheels and suspension work?

Electric scooter wheels come in two basic types: solid and air filled (pneumatic). There are pros and cons to both wheels types:

  • E-scooters with solid wheels are less common but still a popular choice. The upside of solid wheels is that they do not puncture but they can make a ride much more shaky and bumpy and require wheel suspenders.
  • Air filled tyres create a much more comfortable ride without the need for suspenders, but will require maintenance and can puncture. If the wheels puncture they will need to be repaired or replaced before riding the electric scooter.

Most e-scooters that have suspension systems have solid wheels. Suspension helps with shock absorption to increase rider comfort further. The Unagi Model One E500 Electric Scooter has a solid front and rear wheels and is a great e-scooter for smooth surfaces and the Ninebot Segway ES4 Electric Scooter have shock absorption on both front and rear wheels. One of the best electric scooters with air filled tyres for a comfortable ride is the Xiaomi Pro 2 Electric Scooter.

4. How to charge an e-scooter

E-scooters are built with the user in mind and as such are straightforward to charge. Most electric scooters use lithium-ion batteries which are commonly found in portable rechargeable electric vehicles and devices. Here is a brief guide to charging your electric scooter:

  • When it comes to charging or re-charging your e-scooter, you should always plug the charger into the wall socket first (unless otherwise stated by the manual). Chargers often heat up when charging so make sure the charger is uncovered with plenty of air flow and on a non-flammable surface.
  • Connect the charger to the electric scooter’s charging port. Check the orient of the charger and that you are plugging it in correctly to avoid damaging the port. It’s also a good idea to check the port and connector are free of dust or dirt before connecting the two.
  • Wait for the electric scooter to charge. Charging time varies depending on the electric scooter model however most chargers or e-scooters will indicate when they are fully charged.
  • When fully charged, promptly disconnect your electric scooter from the charger.

We always recommend reading the electric scooter manual before using or charging your electric scooter as all e-scooter models vary.


At Scooter Hub, we offer some of the best e-scooters including Xiaomi Electric Scooters, Unagi Electric Scooters and Ninebot Electric Scooters. Shop our range of e-scooters today to get 1-2 days UK delivery and pay later with Klarna! 

If you have any questions about how electric scooters work or learn more about us and our product range, contact us today on live chat, email or call 01202 022245. Our friendly team is always happy to help!



In the UK, the law states electric scooters should not to be used on footpaths, cycle lanes or roads. E-scooters can only be used on private land with the owner's consent and a rider should always wear appropriate protective equipment.

It is the customer’s responsibility to ride their electric scooter within local laws and therefore assume all liability and risk associated with the use of electric scooter products. Find out more about navigating through the UK law on electric scooters.